BHAGALPUR ENGINEERING COLLEGE
Bhagalpur engineering college was established in 1960. It is treated as one of the premier institute in the technological institutes of Bihar. Earlier it was affiliate to the Tilka Manjhi University later on it got affiliated to the Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna. The institute provide full time graduate degree to the students in the field of Computer Science, Electronics and Communication, Electrical, Mechanical, Civil and other fields of engineering.
BIHAR AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY
Bihar Agriculture University is situated at Sabaur in the district of Bhagalpur. Research study on agricultural soil, water resources and different aspects of agriculture is done in the university. Preserntly there are five agriculture colleges, one horticulture college, Sanjay Gandhi Milk Technology Institute and Dr. Kalam Agriculture College is under the university. University is facilitated with 20 Agriculture Science Centres and 13 Research Institutes. Almost 475 engineers and 1200 employees are on work in different institutes and units of the university.
BATESHWAR ASTHAN , KAHALGAON
Bateshwar asthan is situated at a hill nearly seven kilometres in north-east direction from Kahalgaon railway station. There are two place one known as Baba Bateshwar Nath Mahadev and the other is Baba Siddheshwar Nath Mahadev. Both temples are at 60 metres from one anoter. There is an ancient Kali temple in the front. These temples are situated at a hill known as Vatta Parwatika which is in about 12 kilometres circumference. It is a great belief that the students are taught here about the Tantra vidya in the temple premises. Earlier king Dharma Paal established Vikramshila University on this hill which later reestablished two kilometres east near Antichak village. Once a war took place there between the rulers of Magadh Dynasty and Paal Dynasty on Vatta Parvatika hills. Artistic carving can still be found in the hills. There are five important caves in the hills.Out of five, three of them are called triangular caves and the fourth one,it is said that Muni Vashishtha did meditation in this cave during Treta Yuga. There are wall craving of 84 saints in this cave. This cave is related to Kuppaghaat at Barari, Champanagar Karnagarh, and Kashtaharni Ghaat of Munger. It is a belief that Angaraj Karna used to go to munger to worship Mother Chandi through this cave.
This is the place where starts the journey to the world famous Jyotirlinga Temple of Baba Vaidyanaath which is situated in Devghar it was in Bihar but after the partition of Bihar and Jharkhand it came into Jharkhand. Sultaanganj is situated at 26 km west from Bhagalpur. Here in between the holy river Ganga there is temple of Ajgaibinaath Mahadev on a huge granite rock. From a distance it provides a very attractive look and during flood it seems as a ship in the wide stretch of the river Ganga. During the Shrwan month of Hindu calendar lakh of devotees gather here from different part of the world to pick the holy water from the holy river and they carry this water to Devghar which is 105 km distant from this place and the devotees carry the water to the temple of Baba Vaidyanaath on bare feet. It is said that during ancient times Maharshi Jahnu had made his Aashram and after him the mountain was named Jahnugiri. There are several religious stories about the spiritual significance of Sultaanganj which may still be found to be heard.
KUPPA GHAAT, BHAGALPUR
In the city of Bhagalpur which is famous for unparallel historic and touristic importance coupled with peace and spirituality is also famous for the Aashram of Mharshi Mehi. Aashram of Maharshi Mehi is still today spreading the light of spiritual knowledge in all directions and today it is famous as Kuppa Ghaat which is situated at Mayaganj, 7km towards north-east from Bhagalpur railway station. The park and natural beauty of this place provides pleasure to the tourists and devotees. The place of salvation of Maharshi Mehi and Sant Sevi jee is also very attractive and is known as Maharshi Mehi Aashram which is full of flowers. Every years there is gathering of saints and devotees from different part of the world. Apart from this the artistic underground architecture of Kuppa ghaat caves are very ancient and archaic. It is said that during ancient period there was a Shiv temple at Kuppa Ghaat Caves Anga region is described in Shivalinga mantra at 16th shloka as Kuppeshwara Naath whose description can also be found in the diary of Fransisn Bukanon.
World famous Vikramshila University is situated near Antichak village which is 38 km from Bhagalpur. Vikramshila University was treated as equivalent to the great Nalanda University. It was established by the Paal ruler Dharmapaal during 770-810 B.C. He was inspired by two of this place. First the place was popular for being centre of Tantra Vidya which was surrounded by the rivers Ganga and Kosiand secondly this place was centre of worship of the Lord Shiva and The godess Kali and due to the spiritual importance of the Ganga river this place was centre of attraction for the devotees around the world.
The Manokamnanaath Shiv temple is situated at 5 km in west of Bhagalpur which is now popular as Manaskamna Naath temple. It is believed that the Lord Shiva fulfils all wishes of the devotees who worship them with true devotion. Due to such belief this place is popular along with 18 important Shivlings. This temple is situated at the ruins of the castle of Daanveer Karna. It was constructed by the Paala king Vikramshil Dev during 8th century. During the restructuring of the temple a rock edict was found which provides the description of the archaic importance of the temple and it was found that the new temple was constructed on the ruins of the old temple. During 650 Vikrami the Shrinaath Shivlinga was the city God of Bhagalpur. Presently that rock edict has been fixed at the wall of the courtyard of the parvati temple in north side. There are several shivlings of different size and various other statues of other Gods of Hindu religion such as Brahma, Vishnu, Saraswati, Durga, Kali etc.
The Shrine of Shahjangi as it finds its place in the authentic texts as Gadgetier authored by Bukanin Francis and in Eastern India authored by M. Francis is a precious heritage not only for Bhagalpur but also for India. Several Mughal rulers have paid their attendance at the shrine of Shahjangi. The shrine is expanded in around 100 bighas of land which includes Eidgaah Ground, Karbala along with a pound. Sufi saint Shahjangi was an army commander (Risaldar) in the Afghan armyand he was known to the people by Laal Muhammad. His brother was also a sufi saint whose shrine is in Tilha Kothi. There are various miraculous stories popular about the Shrine of Shahjangi. There is a spiritual attraction in the atmosphere of the shrine which attracts the devotees to this place. There is a spectacular crowd at the shrine specially on Thursday and Friday. There is a half built mosque near the shrine which is said to be the place of study of the Peer. It is said that Mughal prince Shaahjahaan and Amir Khusro had made attendance at this shrine.
Gonu Dham is situated about 12 kilometre south from the city of Bhagalpur. This place is historically very important. There is temple of Baba Gonu Dham Mahadev. However there is no solid evidence of the establishment of the construction of the temple. There is a belief that a Saint named Gonu used to live here and the wishes of the visitors were fulfilled here. Someday Baba Gonu directed the people in dream to build here a temple. The people worship here the Shivlinga made from ashes. It multiplates the devotion of the people when they pour water on the shivlinga and still it does not scatter or flows away. It is a popular belief that whoever worships by heart he gets his wishes fulfilled by the grace Gonu Baba. It is also a great belief that there was a humorous, and farsighted Shiv devotee named Gonu in Anga region whose jokes are very popular in Bihar who died at this place when he was returning from Raneshwar Dham. In his memory this Shiv temple was constructed by the then king.
BABA BUDHA NATH TEMPLE
During British period the Zamindar of Shankarpur estate was awarded death penalty. On suggestion of Mahanth Balwanand Giri worship was done at this place and the Zamindar was forgiven thereafter he constructed here the Shiv temple. Devotees gather here on different auspicious occasions and their wishes are fulfilled.
Famous for the art and culture the Bhagalpur Museum was established on 11th November 1976. There are very old Sculptures of 10th century Champa reign. Its care is taken by the administration. Two outstanding statues of Ganesh which were found from Mandar, statue of Devi with ten hands found from Banka district which made of black stone, Statue of Durga with four hands which has been found from CMS School, statue of Yakshini found from Shahkund and various other ancient materials are attraction of this museum.
SHRINE OF PIR SHAH DAMADIA
The land of Bahagalpur is rich in the memory of sufi saints. These people served the humanity and they had no place of their own. The system follows even after their death. The shrine of Baba ir Shah Damadia is situated below the Ulta Pool near railway line. It is recognised as an icon for the communal harmony of the city. He is treated as the first Pir of the Mughal period.
SYED IBRAHIM HUSSAIN KHAN MEMORIAL
Syed Ibrahim Hussain Khan was Governor General of Bengal during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. He was a brave General and due to his bravery the Emperor Jahangir awarded him with the title of Fateh Jung.There is a historical record which describes that when Prince Khurram who later became Emperor Shahjahan became a rebel to his father and he entered into Bengal via Burhanpur the responsibility to crush the rebellion was handed over to Syed Ibrahim Hussain Khan As per the strategy made to defeat Khurram Ibrahim khan took hold of the north bank of Ganga andhis fight with the supporters of Khurram took place in which won over them but in second battle near Noorpur he lost his life although he fought bravely. In the memory of this brave General the emperor constructed this magnificent memorial in his name.
TILKA MANJHI CHOWK
There is a chowk in the city of Bhagalpur in the memory of great revolutionary and great leader of Pahdia community Tilka Manjhi. At the roundabout there are some institutions well equipped with all facilities. It is said that due to killing of British officer he was hanged on a tree near this place.In the memory of that great revolutionary leader this chowk was name in his respect.
There is Sandis compound near Tilkamanjhi Chowk. It is named after a British officer Sandis however nowadays it has become popular as Loknayak Jaiprakash Ground. There are parks and gardens near the ground which add to the beauty of the locality. There had been kept lions, deers, stags, and other wild animals alongwith attractive bird. But it is very sad fact that there have remained only the cages which remind that there once had been a zoological garden. It has become favourite spot for morning walkers. Although there can be seen some sports being plays in this ground by the young chaps of the city. The ground has been proud that Mahendra Singh Dhoni had played a long inning in this ground from Jharkhand team.
The special present from Bhagalpur is Jardalu mango which is speciality of this region. Sultanganj area is much productive in Jardalu mango. Jardalu mango has been sent to various important places including Delhi Darbar. The Mango Man Alok Chaudhary who has been awarded with Kisan Shree tells that there are numerous variety of mango of more than 50 varieties including colourful Lalmohan, Arabian Sensation, Arunima, Surya, Kesar etc. There has been used process of hybridisation by connecting one art of a tree to another.
The silk industry of Bhagalpur is centuries old and it has attained popularity not only in India but all over the world. There are nearly 20 thousand handloom craftsmen and about 30 thousand powerloom craftsmen in Bhagalpur district. Due to global competitiveness and lack of regularised marketing strategy the demand of Bhagalpuri silk has been affected adversely in the global market but the quality has never been compromised and the comfort and furnishing in the fabric has remained unaffected. There are several varieties of silk produced in Bhagalpur. Among all varieties of silk manufactured in Bhagalpur the Tusser silk has its own identity and it has become a style statement for a major elite section. The silk and linen clothes are exported to various countries over the globe as Germany, Japan, America, Gulf Countries, Russia etc. But due to hopeless policies of the Government for the craftsmen has lessen the brightness of the silk industry.
Rebirth of Ganga in Sultanganj: Ganga became Jahnawi
Ganga has various reasons to ttain opularity in Sultanganj. First reason is that the river flows here towards north in the direction from which it has been originated. Secondly the Sultanganj to Kahalgaon there is the most enriched portion which has the largest number of the Ganges Dolphin. Here the Ganga according to ancient Hindu texts was named as daughter of Sage Jahnu and was renamed as Jahnawi. It is said that the river got its another birth at this place near the popular temple of Ajgaibinath.
The region of Bhagalpur is also famous for the production of a special variety of rice which is popular as Katarni rice. It is a very fine variety of rice with its unique fragrance and unbeaten taste which has been in high demand. But due to lack of marketing strategy its demand and production both have been affected. However there has grew new hope among the farmers of the region after the establishment of the agricultural university in Bhagalpur and with the new policy regarding the production of the Katarni rice.
THE ONLY GANGES DOLPHIN SANCTUARY OF INDIA: BHAGALPUR
In 1991 the area of Bhagalpur from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon an area up to 50 km is abundant in Ganges Dolphin. From June to October is the most suitable period for viewing dolphin in the river. Dolphins can be seen easily from Barari Ghat. 5th October is celebrated by the Government of Bihar as the Dolphin Day. The government has put prohibition over the damage to the aquatic animal. There has been research being done over the preservation of Dolphins. There has been a plan developed for the preservation and development of Dolphin sanctuary area as well as Dolphin management plan. In 2009 the Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh declared Dophin as National Aquatic Animal of India.